Brazil, 25 January 2019
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I am very happy to visit your city, Bela Horizonte. Today is actually a couple of days before the disappearance day of Shrila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami and Ramachandra Kaviraja. We have been very busy, so I have not had a chance to speak something about their life history. So I want to very briefly speak about Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, because he is very prominent among of the six Gosvamis, Shri Rupa, Sanatana, Bhatta Raghunatha, Shri Jiva, Gopala Bhatta and Dasa Ragunatha –
‘ei chay gosair kori carana vandan
jaha hoite bighna-nas abhishta-puran’
(Hari Haraye Namah, line 8)
[I offer my obeisances to the feet of these six Gosvamis . By offering them my obeisances all obstacles to devotion are destroyed and all spiritual desires are fulfilled.]
So Mahaprabhu’s eternal associates were the six Gosvamis; they fulfilled all the desires of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Among of the six Gosvamis, Shrila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami is the very nearest and dearest of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. When Mahaprabhu travelled in South India, Dakshina Bharata, He met with Raya Ramananda. Then Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu had a very nice discussion with Raya Ramananda. For ten days Shriman Mahaprabhu discussed Krishna tattva, jiva tattva, maya tattva, bhakti tattva, prema tattva and Radha tattva. He discussed all tattva sidhantas with Raya Ramananda. Then Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu came to Shrirangam. In the temple Shrirangam He was dancing and singing. There, Venkata Bhatta Gosvami, Tirumala Bhatta and Prabhodananda Sarasvati became completely intoxicated by Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s nama sankirtana. During the four months of Chaturmasya, Mahaprabhu stayed in their home. He shared so much intimacy and love and affection with them as like He was one of their own family members.
Though they were Bhatta parivar, the Bhatta family, they were disciples of Shri Sampradayas. Do you understand? They were in Shri Ramanujacharya Sampradaya, where they worshipped Lakshmi-Narayana. Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was staying in their home and during His stay they had shared much love and affection with Him. At the time, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was a very small boy, around five or six years old. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami became so attached with Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Every night when Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would go take rest, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami would massage Him. Once he told, “Prabhu, I want to go with You and travel with You. I want to stay with You in Jagannatha Puri.” But Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu replied, “No, stay here and serve the Vaishnavas. Your parents are pure devotees, so you have to serve your parents. Then when your parents depart from this material world, you will go to Vrindavan. There you will perform bhajana and sadhana with Rupa and Sanatana.”
Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu especially gave two instructions to Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, He instructed, “You should not marry, you have to become a perfect brahmachari. And you should also collect all of the Shri Sampradayas’ tattva siddhantas, archana-paddhati and all the rules and regulations of Vaishnava shuddha sadachar. You should collect all of this evidence.” For this regard, according to the instructions of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami manifested one book called Sat Kriya Sara Dipika. He also collected all of the shlokas from Shri Sampradayas and gave them to Sanatana Gosvamipada and then Sanatana Gosvamipada manifested the grantha Hari Bhakti Vilasa.
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami became so intoxicated when Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would discuss Krishna’s supremacy and Krishna’s beauty with his parents, especially Krishna’s four madhuryas, sweetnesses – lila madhurya, prema madhurya, venu madhurya, rupa madhurya. For this regard, he wanted to leave with Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. As mentioned, the Bhatta parivar, the family of the Bhattas, Tirumala Bhatta, Prabhodananda Sarasvati and Venkata Bhatta worshipped Lakshmi-Narayana. But Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu changed their moods and they began worshipping the divine couple, Radha and Krishna. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami carefully followed the instructions of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. When his parents departed from this material world, he proceeded to Vrindavan. On the way to Vrindavan, on a very nice river, he found one shalagrama shila and worshipped that shalagrama shila in Vrindavan. When he arrived in Vrindavan, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu had already departed from this material world. Because of this Gopala Bhatta Gosvami felt the pangs of separation from Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu so much. He was crying day and night for Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. But still he continued to worship his shalagrama shila. During the time of Jhulana Yatra, Vrajavasis would nicely decorate their Thakuraji, Radha and Krishna. But a shalagrama shila is shaped like rasagula, that means it has a round shape. How can you decorate it with cloths and ornaments? So Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was still feeling the pangs of separation and one day, he went to get some madhukari. When he returned back, he saw his Thakuraji manifested a tribhanga lalita form, a three bend fold form, the name of that deity is Radha Ramana. Bolo Radha Ramana Bihari Lal ki Jai!
You may have seen these deities, Govinda, Gopinatha, Madana Mohana. But actually, Radha Ramana is a manifestation of the combined form of Govinda, Gopinatha and Madana Mohana. That form is actually called Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and His back has a shalagrama shila. So for this regard, this Radha Ramana is known as being self manifested. That shalagrama shila, vigraha, self-manifested into a form called Radha Ramana. You may have seen many deities, but Krishna’s teeth were never visible. In Radha Ramana you can see Krishna’s two beautiful and attractive teeth. The Bhatta parivar, Gopala Bhatta Gosvamis’ family now worshipped that Thakuraji very nicely. Today you can still see this very nice Thakuraji. Do you know the name of the main mahaprasad offered to this deity? Khir. Do you know what khir is? It is a type of special sweet rice. If you go to Vrindavan, you must take darshanaof three deities, Govinda, Gopinatha and Madana Mohana. But if you do not take darshanaof Radha Ramana, then your darshanais not complete. So if you go to Vrindavan, you have to take darshanaof Radha Ramana Bihari Lal ki Jai.
Vrajavasis, the residents of Vraja, glorify Radha Ramana with so much love and affection. Please sing this song, but first read the meaning of the song. It is a very sweet song.
chhabi dekhi radha ramana ki
radha Ramana ki radha ramana ki
chhabi dekhi radha ramana ki
chhabi dekhi radha ramana ki
shyam sundar ki radha ramana ki …
What is the meaning of this song? Please read the translation, (Gurudev instructs devotees to read aloud, devotees read translated meaning in Portugese) So Gopala Bhatta Gosvami fulfilled four desires of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu gave four instructions to his six Gosvamis. First, Mahaprabhu told them, “All of you have to manifest Radha and Krishna’s sweet pastime places which are now covered. You have to manifest those places.” Second, Mahaprabhu told the six Gosvamis, “You must also manifest vigrahas that have disappeared.” Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu instructed, “If you go to Vrindavan, you have to manifest the Shri Vigraha deities.” Third, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu told them, “You have to manifest granthas. Manifest viddhi marga and raga marga granthas, explaining viddhi and raga marga bhakti.” Fourth, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu instructed them, “You have to manifest a Shuddha Sadachar Vaishnava grantha. A grantha on the good behavior of Vaishnavas.” So in this way, Gopala Bhatta Gosvami fulfilled the desires of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Transcriber: Sanatan das (USA)
Editors: Sanatan das (USA), Divya Premamayi dasi (Slovakia)